How Medications Help Addiction Treatment
To reduce the possibility of relapsing and to ease withdrawal symptoms, the use of other drugs during the treatment process has become quite common. In some cases, use of medicine assists users to keep away from the addictive substances. When the withdrawal side effects are too much then sometimes users surrender and stop taking medications and relapse. For inpatient and outpatient rehab plans they have included medicines in addiction treatment. The monitoring physician keeps altering the amount the patient takes for maximum benefit.
Withdrawal symptoms and cravings can be eased with the help of medication that mimic the effect of the addictive substances.
Drug Withdrawal And Detoxing
The user need to get free themselves from the drug in the early stage of recovery. This is cleansing or detox. Depending on the drug in question, the detoxification period may be as long as several weeks or just a few days.
The real challenge for the patient is coping with the terrible withdrawal symptoms. The exact nature of the drug use will determine how severe the withdrawal symptoms will be. Long-time drug users who took massive doses experience the most severe withdrawal symptoms.
There is a myriad of those symptoms that recovering addicts experience. These are some side effects
- Feeling Nauseous
- Uncontrollable shaking
- Body pain
Different withdrawal symptoms are treated with different medications. The medicines which are given by doctors in detox are
- Anxiety and crabbiness can be decrease by these medicines.
- Anxiety is a prevalent withdrawal side effect from a lot of Opiates, such as Cocaine and Heroin.
- Alcohol withdrawal symptoms can also be eased by the sedative effect of Benzodiazepines.
- Due to the addictive nature of Benzodiazepines, doctors tend to be cautious when prescribing them.
- A brain that has been addicted to drugs is not able to produce the chemicals that give pleasant feelings on its own.
- People recovering from drug addiction tend to suffer from depression since their brains can't produce dopamine normally.
- Until the brain get's back to producing dopamine on its own, the drug user will require antidepressants such as Prozac and Zoloft to relieve the feeling of depression.
- Clonidine is prescribed to treat alcohol and drug withdrawals and it decreases sweating, muscle spasm, anxiety and muscle pains.
- Additionally, Clonidine can put an end to tremors and convulsive attack.
People who are detoxing from alcohol or Benzodiazepines for instance Valium or Xanax must never leave "cold turkey" in middle as their withdrawal sign can be fatal. Complications can arise while detoxing from other drugs although the withdrawal symptoms are rarely deadly. Detox should be carried out with medical help from professionals.
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Alcohol Addiction Medications
Making wrong use of alcohol on a normal basis for a long-term can extend withdrawal side effects, which could last from weeks to months. When withdrawal symptoms last longer than usual, this is referred to as Post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).
Medications prescribed for PAWS are also active in stopping the urge to use and make the user unable to hold alcohol in their stomach. Patient take these tablets every day.
Medicines for alcohol addiction are
- Naltrexone (Vivitrol)
- Naltrexone prevent receptors in the brain that generate alcohol's satisfying side effects.
- The craving for alcohol is also reduced by the drug.
- In some cases, Naltrexone is known to cause vomiting and migraines.
- It can be given via injection once every four weeks.
- Acamprosate (Campral)
- Acamprosate has the ability to comfort from the effects of alcohol obsession that includes emotional and physical suffering.
- This medication is usually taken by recovering alcoholics after the detoxification period is over.
- The craving for alcohol is reduced by Acamprosate since it holds back feelings such as depression and anxiousness.
- Disulfiram (Antabuse)
- Disulfiram was the primary medicine authorized for alcoholism.
- Side effects like vomiting are likely to occur if a person taking Disulfiram takes alcohol.
- To avoid this sickness, the person who is taking Disulfiram must not consume drink.
Familiarize yourself with available treatments for alcohol dependency.
Medication For Treating Opiate Addiction
Morphine, Heroin and narcotic painkillers such as OxyContin are all opiates. The cravings and withdrawal symptoms of recovering from opiate addiction can be eased by some medications. These medicines are frequently given in capsules form on a daily routine.
Everyone has a different withdrawal experience and for some it may only last as little as a week. Other drugs can have an extended withdrawal side effects. Cases of withdrawal symptoms that have lasted for months and even years have been recorded. To completely stop the urges to take drugs and the PAWS, it helps to be on replacement medicines for an extended period. Medications are usually prescribed to recovering addicts for as long as is necessary.
Medication for Heroin and painkillers are as follows
- Methadone is for normal to high Opiate addictions.
- Methadone never get the addicts high and attaches to the similar receptors in the brain for working.
- This drug suppressing the craving and withdrawal symptoms.
- Because Methadone also has the capacity to cause addiction, it is usually prescribed cautiously.
- Methadone clinics manage the drug on daily routine to avoid abuse.
- More About Methadone.
- Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
- The addiction potential is less in Buprenorphine yet it works like a Methadone.
- Those on Buprenorphine are allowed to take their prescription home instead of visiting the treatment centre daily.
- The effect of Naltrexone on opiate addiction is the same as its effect on alcohol addiction.
- Mostly, it puts an end to cravings.
- The same brain receptors are activated for both alcohol and Opiates.
Medical Detox And Rehab
Many people have attempted to give up drug use on their own. This isn't just more difficult, it is also more risky than a medical detoxing. A safe and comfortable location such as a rehab centre is the best way to gain sobriety. Medical detox is compulsory for those who are addicts of liquor or benzos.
A monitored detox is the primary stage to treat any kind of addiction.
A monitored detoxification may relieve health problems. The patient's vital signs and fluid levels can be monitored by a doctor. Medical staff are on hand to make the patient as comfortable as possible. Doctors adjust the medication for long-term program and as per the need of patients.
The ones with different health problems should also look for a medical detoxification. Withdrawals can make situations difficult such as high blood pressure. Doctors can spot impending problems and treat them early.
In residential rehabilitation, detoxification is always part of the program. Residential rehabilitation can last for between 30 and 90 days in many cases. The patient is placed under consistent monitoring and observation the first week of rehab which is very crucial. Rehab includes behavioural therapy to give the patient a better chance to understand how they can stay sober.
Get a treatment centre with medically supervised detoxification if you or someone you know is struggling with addiction call 0800 246 1509.